What is Weex?#
Weex is a framework for building high-performance mobile applications with modern web development experience.
Another primary goal of Weex is to keep up with modern development technologies and platform capabilities both for web and native. Productivity and performance can coexist in Weex. Writing Weex pages feels the same like writing web pages. Rendering Weex pages is just the same as rendering native pages.
If you just want to try Weex, You don’t need to install anything. There is an online playground of Weex, you can write single page examples on it without any configurations. The source code should be written in Vue.js single file component syntax (also known as the
*.vue files), and the render result of the web platform will be displayed in a mocked phone shell.
Here is an example written in Weex and Vue.js:
This example renders a word “Yo” in the center of the screen. If you want to preview the rendered result on mobile devices, you need to install the Weex playground app or integrate Weex SDK into your own app. Then scan your page’s QR code with your playground app or your own app (with the QR scan feature to load scanned URL with Weex SDK), and you will see the rendered result on your device.
<template> of the source code, You must be familiar with the
<div> which is widely used on the web, and it’s also the generic container on Weex. But the
<text> component is provided by Weex, it’s a block-level text container.
The raw text node can only be placed in the
<text>component, otherwise, it will be ignored.
<style> tag, you can write CSS to describe the styles of a component, and those styles are scoped forcibly in Weex.
In the example above, the
<div> and the
<text> is rendered into corresponding native views on the mobile device, which is not
Weex implements render engines both on iOS and Android and provides a group of built-in components for basic usage. Based on these components, you can compose and wrap more custom components.
Although the components in Weex look like HTML tags, you are not able to use all of them, instead, you can only use the built-in components and your custom components.
Under the scene, Weex uses the native widgets. Although Weex emphasize the consistency on each mobile platform, we still embrace the platform’s own behavior and UI differences. For example, the
<switch> component may look different on Android and iOS (the appearance on the web simulates iOS).
If you want to use more native component other than the built-in components, you need to implement them on each platform and keep their behaviors to be consistent. The most practical way is to integrate the existing native components to Weex platform.
For those features which does not rely on the UI, Weex wraps them into modules. You can use
stream module to fetch the star count of Vue.js.
Similarly, Weex also provides a group of built-in modules for basic usage, and supports the integration of the existing native modules to Weex platform.
Here are some documents about how to extend native components and native modules for Weex:
Write Once, Run Everywhere#
Yes, Weex can build for Android, iOS and Web from a single codebase.
Using the same source code across different platforms can dramatically increase development productivity and simplify the testing, building, and publishing processes. On this basis, Weex can combine the front-end’s packaging and testing process with the mobile’s publishing and monitoring system to improve development efficiency.
Although Weex uses a single codebase, you can still write platform specific codes. Weex provides
WXEnvironment (they are strictly equal) to get the current runtime environment. You can use
WXEnvironment.platform to determine which platform the code is running on. Except for the platform,
WXEnvironment also contains other environmental informations, such as osVersion and deviceModel, refer to Weex variable for the complete list.
Support Multiple Front-End Frameworks#
Front-end frameworks are syntax layer of weex, they are decoupled from native render engines. Weex does not bind with any specific front-end frameworks, instead, it brings native capabilities to them.
- Vue.js is a progressive front-end framework for building user interfaces.
- Rax is a front-end framework with React-compatible APIs.
Vue.js and Rax are already integrated into Weex SDK, you don’t need to require them manually.
However, Vue and Rax are not the only options, it’s possible to integrate other your favorite front-end framework into Weex. There is a document Extend JS Framework that describes how to implement it, but the process is still very complicated and tricky. To achieve it, you need to understand many underlying details about the js-native bridge and native render engines.
You can read Front-End Frameworks to learn more details.
Create Your Own App#
The following steps assume you have already known the foundational knowledge of Node.js and npm. If you are not familiar with them, you can visit https://docs.npmjs.com/ to learn more about npm.
Weex provide a command line tool, the weex-toolkit, to help developers to get start easily. It can help you to create a starter project, setup iOS and Android development environments, debug, install plugins and so on.
weex-toolkit only supports the creation of Vue.js project. The
rax-cli maybe helpful if you want to use Rax. Please visit Rax’s official website for more details.
Make sure you have already installed the Node.js, and then install the
npm install weex-toolkit -g
It will add the
weex command to your global path. Then you can use
weex create to create a starter project:
weex create awesome-app
After doing that, you’ll get a standard Weex + Vue.js project under the
awesome-app folder of current path.
The next step is to navigate into the generated directory, install dependencies, and start.
It will start a web server on the
8081 port. You can open
http://localhost:8081 to see the render result on the web. The source code is located in
src/ folder. You can develop it as normal Vue.js project.
Besides, You can also open
http://localhost:8081/web/preview.html to preview the rendered result for web in iframe. You can also scan the QR code generated on the right using the Weex playground app then you’ll see the rendered result on the mobile device.
Build and Run#
By default, the
weex create command doesn’t create the iOS and Android project, but you can use
weex platform add to add them.
weex platform add ios
Depends on your network environment, it may take a while, please be patient.
In order to develop the app on your local machine, you need to set up mobile development environments. For iOS, you should install Xcode. And for Android, you should install Android Studio. When the development environments are ready, run the commands below to launch your app on the simulator or the device.
weex run ios
weex-toolkit can also be used to debug your mobile apps. Just run:
It’ll start debug server and open a web page in Chrome (only support V8 engine). For more technical details of
weex-toolkit, please refer to the toolkit document.
I believe you’ve learned the basics of Weex when you reach here. The next step is to learn more advanced features of Weex and try it right away.
If you want to use weex right now:
If you want to know the technologies and ideas behind Weex:
After getting acquainted with Weex, if you want to contribute to make it even better:
In addition, Weex is a cross-stack technology, developers are also diverse, learn some fundamental knowledge of front-end development, Vue.js, iOS and Android would be especially helpful.